The CFPB (Bureau), May 2, 2019, issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), which proposes to raise the coverage thresholds for collecting and reporting data about closed-end mortgage loans and open-end lines of credit under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) rules. The NPRM would provide relief to smaller lenders from HMDA’s data reporting requirements, and would clarify partial exemptions from certain HMDA requirements that Congress added in the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act (EGRRCPA). The Bureau today also issued an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) seeking information on the costs and benefits of reporting certain data points under HMDA.
“Today’s proposed changes would provide much needed relief to smaller community banks and credit unions while still providing federal regulators and other stakeholders with the information we need under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act,” said CFPB Director Kathleen L. Kraninger. “The public is encouraged to submit their comments on the proposals, which will be considered by the Bureau before the next step is taken.”
The Dodd-Frank Act transferred HMDA rulemaking authority from the Federal Reserve Board to the Bureau. HMDA and its implementing rules require many financial institutions to maintain, report, and publicly disclose loan-level information about mortgages. These data help show whether lenders are serving the housing needs of their communities; they give public officials information that helps them make decisions and policies; and they shed light on lending patterns that could be discriminatory. On behalf of the federal HMDA reporting agencies and the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC), the Bureau processes that data and makes data products available to the general public.
For closed-end mortgage loans, the NPRM proposes two alternatives that would permanently increase the coverage threshold from 25 to either 50 or 100 closed-end mortgage loans. For open-end lines of credit, the NPRM would extend for another two years the current temporary coverage threshold of 500 open-end lines of credit. Once that temporary extension expires, the NPRM would set the open-end threshold permanently at 200 open-end lines of credit.
The ANPR solicits comments about the costs and benefits of collecting and reporting the data points the 2015 HMDA Rule added to Regulation C and certain preexisting data points that the 2015 HMDA Rule revised. The ANPR also seeks comments about the costs and benefits of requiring that institutions report certain commercial-purpose loans made to a non-natural person and secured by a multifamily dwelling.
The public is invited to submit written comments on these proposed regulation changes, which will be carefully considered before a final rule is issued.
The NPRM is available at: https://files.consumerfinance.gov/f/documents/cfpb_nprm-hmda-regulation-c.pdf
Supporting materials are available at: https://www.consumerfinance.gov/policy-compliance/guidance/hmda-implementation/